liverwort n : any of numerous small green nonvascular plants of the class Hepaticopsida growing in wet places and resembling green seaweeds or leafy mosses
EtymologyFrom liver + wort "plant", from the belief that some species looked like livers and were useful for treating the liver medicinally.
- 1929 — Shiv Ram Kashyap, Liverworts of the Western Himalayas
and the Panjab Plain, vol. I, p. 1.
- The liverworts are either thallose, without any differentiation into stem and leaves, or leafy.
- 1985 — W. B. Schofield, Introduction to Bryology, p. 135
- Since the thallus of some liverworts resembled a liver, such plants were considered useful in making a concoction that would aid in curing liver ailments. Hence the name "liver-plant," or liverwort. Unfortunately, there is no evidence that liverworts possess curative properties.
- 2000 — Barbara Crandall-Stotler & Raymond E. Stotler,
"Morphology and classification of the Marchantiophyta". pages 21-70
in A. Jonathan Shaw & Bernard Goffinet (Eds.), Bryophyte
Biology, page 21.
- Like other bryophytes, liverworts are small, herbaceous plants of terrestrial ecosystems.
- Afrikaans: lewermos
- Chinese: 苔门
- Dutch: levermos
- German: Lebermoos
- Esperanto: hepatiko
- Finnish: maksasammal
- French: hépatique
- Hungarian: májmoha
- Japanese: 苔植物門
- Portuguese: hepática
- Spanish: hepática
- Swedish: levermossa